By Bella Jasmin Kahia González, 4th year ESO.
When we think about street art, the first name that comes to our mind is the name Banksy.
There are a lot of great talents in the streets at present, but undoubtedly, this guy has marked urban art forever and he's and he will be a role model for a whole generation of young artists in the world of graffiti.
'His Hidden identity'
Banksy is an England-based graffiti artist, political activist and film director of unverified identity. His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine dark humour with graffiti executed by a distinctive stenciling technique.
His works of political and social commentary have been featured on streets, walls and bridges of cities throughout the world. Banksy's work grew out of the Bristol uderground scene, which involved collaborations between artists and musicians.
Observers have noted that his style is similar to Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris. Banksy says that he was ispired by 3D, a graffiti artist who later became a founding member of Massive Attack, an English musical group.
Banksy started as a freehand graffiti artist in 1990-1994 as one of the Bristol's Dry Bread Z Crew (D.B.Z.), with two other friend artists known as Kato and Tes. His work was part of the larger Bristol underground scene with Nick Walker, Inkie and 3D. During this time, he met Bristol photographer Steve Lazarides, who began selling Banksy's work later on, becoming his agent. By 2000, he had turned to the art of stenciling after realisinh how much less time it took to complete a work. He claims he changed to stenciling while he was hiding from the police under a rubbish lorry, when he noticed the stencilled serial number, and, by employing this technique, he soon became more widely known for his art around Bristol and London. Banksy's first known mural was 'The Mild Mild West', painted in 1997 to cover advertising of a former solicitors office on Stokes Croft in Bristol. It depicst a teddy bear lobbing a Molotov cocktail at three riot police.
'The Banksy Effect'
On 19th October 2006, a set of Kate moss paintings sold in Sotheby's (London) for 25,000 pounds, setting an auction record for Banksy's work. The six silk-screen prints, featuring the model painted in the style of Andy Warhol's Marilyn Monroe pictures, sold for five times their estimated value. His stencil of a green Mona Lisa, with real painting dripping from her eyes, sold for 57,000 pounds at the same auction.
In December 2006, the journalist Max Foster coined the phrase: 'The Banksy Effect' to illustrate how the interest in other street artists was growing on the back of of Banksy's success.
Following Banksy, Mr. Brainwash, pseudonym of the American Thierry Ghetta, has released several works on some walls in London. The one above, just to show but an example, is displayed in the Holborn district, close to the British Museum and it was painted in the full daylight. Mr. Brainwash entered the street art scene after he got a role in Banksy's first film 'Exit Through The Gift Shop'. He ususally depicts pop stars and celebrities in an ironical way.
Dismaland was an amusement park created by the British artist, located in Weston-Super-Mare resort in Sommerset, England. Conceived as an artistic project, Banksy describes it as a 'Wrong theme park for children'.
The construction of the park has involved more than 58 people and two artists, all personally invited by the author. They can be found in his unpublished works and they are artists such as Damien, Jenny Holzer and Jimmy Cauty.
The name chosen for the park plays with the word meaning 'dismal' (depressing); and is intended as an ironical critique of Disneyland. In its logo, the park displays a footer of its website where you can read: 'the following strictly prohibited in the park: spray, paint, marker, pens, knives and legal representatives of the Walt Disney Corpporation'
The park is a temporary facility that was inaugurated on August 22nd 2015 and closed on September 25th of the same year.
'Coming soon...Dismaland Calais'
This was the message Banksy announced the closure of the art installations in 2015, including a replica of the castle of Disney and the rugged float of Cinderella, which have attracted about more than 150,000 visitors a month.
'All wood and materials used to lift Dismaland will be sent to camp Calais Die Hard', could be read in the Bristol's artist message. 'There will be no tickets available online'.
Those materials were used to build temporary homes for more than 5,000 refugees across the English Channel.
So this event makes you think that not only he shows us a critical ideology about society but he also helps all those people who were ignored when they needed help, depite of his money and of the profits he got form visits to the park and other projects made in Dismaland.
Last week, the camp for refugees in Calais, France, was dismantled by the French police.
FONTS USED IN THIS ARTICLE:
The ones corresponding to the photographs are displayed below them.
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